Course Objectives

The aim of the PhD course “Perspectives of Power Sources” is to expand the knowledge in energy conversion and storage systems covering from battery technologies, capacitors and fuel cells, both in theoretical and practical applications. Energy systems for sustainable use are important in the paradigm shift from carbon-based fuels to renewable power sources by electrochemical energy converters and their present market positions. The course will allow the participant to reach an understanding of material properties coupled with electrochemical characterization techniques.

The course is given in seven 3 hours afternoon seminars from 1300 to 1600, starting September 25, 2015. October 2nd will be a whole day at Scania, Södertälje.

Learning outcomes

After the completion of the course, the student should have understanding on:

- Basic governing equations for batteries, capacitors and fuel cells

- Fundamental understanding of electrode reactions and different materials in use

- How to design and evaluate electrochemical characterization experiments

- System approach and solutions for research on power sources

- Present global status of batteries, capacitors and fuel cells as power sources.


The course will include basic concepts and definitions, history of batteries, capacitors and fuel cells, and the related thermodynamics and kinetics. Cell concepts, batteries, capacitors and fuel cell design applied in modern energy storage systems. This will give an overview of the different types of batteries, capacitors and fuel cell systems, with related electrode reactions. Methods of assessments of electrodes, problem solving and test of laboratory cells (half- and  full cells). Design of electrochemical material characterization experiments will be included.

Course Credit hours

The course credit is 7.5 hp and the course will be given in English.

Textbook: Electrochemistry, 2nd, Carl H. Hamann, Andrew Hamnett, Wolf Vielstich, ISBN: 978-3-527-31069-2

Distributed material

Course duration: 8 weeks


The course will be finalised by a written exam and handing in assignments.

Course Responsible

Dag Noréus

Contact persons for the course

Dag Noréus, Yohannes Kiros



25, 1300-1600, SU, Arrhenius Lab., Room C516 S

Overall energy issues, energy conversion and storage systems for vehicles and systems connecting renewables to the grid. (2 hours YK)

Basic static definitions: ∆G, ∆S, electrochemical cell, anode, cathode, Nernst eq. (1 hour DN)


2, 0900-1500, Scania Labs, Södertälje

09:00                  Get together in the reception

09:30                  Visit Battery Lab.

10:10                  Visit Material Technology Lab.

11:00                  Lunch (Granpark)

12:00                  Lecture in 280

                      How chemistry, physics, and engineering applies to batteries (3 hours PB)


7, 1300-1600, SU, Arrhenius Lab., Room C516 S

Nickel based chemistries with aqueous electrolytes, NiMH, NiCd, NiFe in relation to non-aqueous Li-based batteries, LCO, LMO, LFP, NMC, NCA. (1½ hours DN)

Capacitors, designs and configuration (1½ hour AL)


15, 1300-1600; SU, Arrhenius Lab., Room C516 S

Advanced dynamic definitions: Polarization, voltammogram, kinetics, mass transport (1½ hour MC)

Pb-acid batteries, Fe- and Air electrodes (1½ hours GK)


22, 1300-1600, SU, Arrhenius Lab., C569

Lab works: Electrochemical characterization, sample preparation, design of 3-electrode set up, choice of reference electrode, interpretation of charge/discharge curves (3 hours YS)


29, 1300-1600, KTH, Room 694 Teknikringen 42

Fuel Cells, types, designs and configuration (2 hours YK)

Discussion and questions



5, 1300-1600, KTH, Room 682 Teknikringen 42

Lab works: Fuel cell lab assembly from ready-made electrodes. Electrochemical evaluation including polarization plots, max power plots and temperature dependence (3 hours YK)


12, 1300-1600, SU, Written exam



Anders Lundblad (AL)

Dag Noréus (DN)

Gunder Karlsson (GK)

Mylad Chamoun (MC)

Phil Bennett (PB)

Yang Shen (YS)

Yohannes Kiros (YK)


Apply for Perspectives of Power Sources (7.5 credits)